Coastal Watershed Conservation in the Context of Climate Change (C6)

Promoting integrated management in coastal watersheds

The project

The Coastal Watershed Conservation in the Context of Climate Change (C6) project aims to promote integrated management in coastal watersheds to conserve their biodiversity, contribute to climate change mitigation and strengthen the sustainable use of their natural resources. This is for the recovery of watershed functionality and the provision of its ecosystem services.


A coastal watershed is a territory delimited by a drainage basin where a river system flows into the sea. Climate change scenarios in Mexico indicate that the coastal basins of the Gulf of Mexico and the continental Gulf of California will be severely affected by increased drought, hurricanes, and flooding. The C6 project focuses on these two regions. It contemplates the integrated management of 16 watersheds due to their high biodiversity and potential to trigger collaboration between institutions.

Integrated watershed management seeks that watershed stakeholders develop a shared vision focused on improving the management of the territory considering their economic and cultural activities and the environment that sustains them. This objective is pursued through interinstitutional cooperation and collaboration.

The lines of work that guide the actions of C6 are:

  1. Creation and consolidation of protected areas (PAs).
  2. Promotion of watersheds sustainability.
  3. Enabling adaptive management by strengthening monitoring capacities.

Coastal watersheds are an essential element for preserving biodiversity and reducing vulnerability to climate change.


From March to May 2019, a team of international consultants evaluated the impact and effectiveness of the C6 project in the field, considering environmental, financial, and social aspects. The results are as follows: the C6 project involved collaboration with 30 civil society organizations, two regional funds, state and municipal authorities, and academic institutions to contribute to the integrated management of 16 coastal watersheds, an essential element for preserving biodiversity and reducing vulnerability to climate change.

The project exceeded its goals due to the cooperation of all sectors and was highlighted as a milestone of excellence by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the World Bank.

The successful operation of C6 contributes to the operational capacity of ten PAs and to permanently continuing inter-institutional collaboration by strengthening the financial sustainability of Fonnor and Fondo Golfo de México (FGM). In the first half of 2023, the Annual Operation Plans of the PAs to which C6 equity resources were allocated presented satisfactory compliance. The technical and administrative coordination of the CONECTA and RÍOS projects was carried out, which fully met their committed goals for the period. Under Fonnor's and FGM's leadership, the territories' efforts were made to explore new projects and synergies with the public and private sectors. Fonnor and FGM strengthened their internal institutional processes.

The final evaluation of C6 is available to read here.
Learn more about the project:



  • Global Environment Facility
  • World Bank


  • Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales 
  • Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas 
  • Comisión Nacional Forestal 
  • Instituto Nacional de Ecología y Cambio Climático

The collaboration between three public institutions (CONANP, CONAFOR, and INECC) and one private institution (FMCN) is an innovative component that sought to trigger collaboration and coordination processes. In managing the project, FMCN, FONNOR, and Fondo Golfo de México supported those responsible for the subprojects and protected areas to achieve efficient and transparent use of project resources.