Protected Areas Fund (FANP)

FANP supports Mexico’s protected areas

The Project

The Protected Areas Fund (FANP, acronym in Spanish) aims to support the efficient use of financial resources channeled to Mexico’s protected areas (PAs) to strengthen their operation and management and ensure the long-term conservation of representative ecosystems.


Created in 1997, FANP is a public-private collaboration scheme between FMCN and the National Commission of Protected Areas (CONANP, acronym in Spanish), in which FMCN is in charge of the financial management of economic resources and supervises their use in 53 federal PAs administered by CONANP, which ensures that the economic resources are used for strategic conservation activities in the territory. FANP finances strategic activities such as biological monitoring, restoration of degraded areas, community vigilance, fire management, productive projects, ecotourism, and capacity building.

Since 2012, FANP has promoted the Protected Areas Learning Community (Comunidad de Aprendizaje de Áreas Naturales – CAAP, acronym in Spanish), a network made up of PA managers and local organizations in which the capacities of its members are strengthened through the exchange of experiences, to improve performance in their different areas of work. CAAP operates through the participation of more than 4,000 followers on its Facebook page; the publication of a quarterly electronic bulletin; biennial face-to-face meetings with directors of PAs that have FANP resources; and through open calls for proposals that finance the exchange of experiences every two years.

In 2022, FANP celebrated 25 years of operation as one of the most successful financial mechanisms and an example in other parts of the world for the financing and operation of priority PAs.

The lines of work that guide FANP’s actions are:

  1. Strengthening the National System of Protected Areas through initiatives at a national level to improve the management effectiveness in federal PAs.
  2. Strengthening the operation of 55 federal PAs through financing Annual Operational Plans, aligned with five-year strategic planning and focused on field management activities.
  3. Immediate attention to extraordinary environmental contingencies in 55 priority federal PAs that, by their nature, urgently and immediately affect the health of an ecosystem, species, or human life.

Since 2012, FANP has promoted the Protected Areas Learning Community (CAAP).

Learn more about CAAP


In 2022, the FANP celebrated 25 years of operation as a successful financial mechanism contributing to priority ecosystems' conservation and permanence. Thanks to the collaboration of CONANP, communities, local organizations, and the trust of more than 23 donors who have joined this initiative since 1997. FANP is an exemplary mechanism at the national and international levels. In 2022, in addition to celebrating the success of this mechanism, we celebrated the collaboration between the government and the organizations and the work of the park rangers who, together with the communities that inhabit the PAs, guard and conserve the natural resources that allow us Mexicans to enjoy environmental services.

Twenty-five years after its inception, the FANP channels strategic financial resources to 55 federal PAs covering 36.18 million hectares, representing 54% of the protected land territory and 35% of the protected marine territory.

During the first half of 2023, FMCN facilitated the update of strategic planning in eight PAs: Montes Azules Biosphere Reserves, El Triunfo, Selva El Ocote, Sierra Gorda in Querétaro, Alto Golfo and Colorado River Delta, Sierra La Laguna, and the Necaxa River Hydrographic Basin Natural Resources Protection Area. During that period, the FANP channeled financial resources to 21 forest fire events through the Emergency Fund, which were promptly attended by community brigades in collaboration with Conanp and other institutions such as Conafor.

Learn more about the project:


  • Braskem Idesa, S.A.P.I.
  • Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas
  • Conservation International México
  • Ford Foundation
  • Fundación Gonzalo Río Arronte, I.A.P.
  • Global Environment Facility
  • Government of the State of Mexico
  • Government of the State of Michoacan
  • Grupo Materias Primas
  • International Community Foundation
  • KfW Development Bank
  • Marisla Foundation
  • National Fish and Wildlife Foundation
  • Resources Legacy Fund
  • Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales
  • The David and Lucile Packard Foundation
  • The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust
  • The Summit Foundation
  • U.S. Agency for International Development
  • United Nations Development Programme
  • Wick Communications
  • World Bank


  • Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas
  • Espacios Naturales y Desarrollo Sustentable, A. C.
  • Fondo de Conservación del Eje Neovolcánico, A. C.
  • Fondo de Conservación El Triunfo, A. C.
  • Fondo Golfo de México, A. C.
  • Fonnor, A. C.
  • Pronatura Península de Yucatán, A. C.

Follow CAAP on Facebook: @caapmexico 

25 Years Promoting Conservation

In 2022, we celebrate the 25th anniversary of the FANP. To commemorate this achievement, we have created valuable resources that reflect our strategic allies' commitment and track record. We invite you to explore them:

It goes through our history, achievements, and challenges in these 25 years.

Meet the brave women and men who dedicate their lives to protecting our natural areas.

This work compiles 25 moving narratives that illustrate the experiences of those who make up the FANP.