FMCN fulfills its mission by attracting financial resources, mainly from international organizations and private foundations. If these are patrimonial resources, FMCN receives a contribution of money, gives it financial management, and the generated interests are channeled to conservation projects; the initial capital is kept in perpetuity, for interests and to ensure permanent financing for conservation. If the resources are extinguishable, FMCN receives a contribution of money that channels directly to conservation projects that will be executed in the field without waiting for them to generate interest.
In the supported projects, FMCN supervises the technical progress and the adequate and efficient application of the financial resources according to the established objectives. The FMCN also ensures that the projects follow the requirements agreed with each donor and the legal provisions. The goals of the project respond to the priorities of biodiversity conservation in the country. The FMCN reports the results to each donor.
FMCN funds conservation actions mainly in two ways: a) through Project Support through a public call, directed convocation or strategic support; or b) through the financing of Annual Operational Programs (POAs) that are work plans for specific projects, such as the 23 protected natural areas (ANP) supported by the FMCN.
The Assembly is the highest governing body of the FMCN. It is made up of voluntary associates (present and previous members of the Board of Directors). It meets once a year and makes decisions that define the direction of the organization and its structure. Its functions and responsibilities include approving the composition of the Board of Directors and the annual financial statements, as well as amending and updating the by-laws according to the needs of the institution.
The Board of Directors reports to the Assembly and is made up of representatives from different sectors of society (academic, business, conservation and social). The Board of Directors meets three times a year and makes decisions regarding the strategy and its follow-up by the FMCN. The Board of Directors is composed of 60% of the members of the Assembly. The head of the federal environmental agency is an ex officio member of said council. Among others, the Board’s responsibilities include the approval of the strategic plan, the annual operational plan with its respective budget and the portfolio of projects and programs that the FMCN will finance. In addition, the Board of Directors appoints the General Director and establishes the Technical or Advisory Committees necessary to ensure the effective and transparent operation of the FMCN.
As a support for the Board of Directors, seven technical committees follow up on specialized topics. These Committees are the Investment Committee, the Nominating Committee, the Conservation Committee, the Technical Committee of the Fund for Protected Natural Areas, the Committee on Information Technologies, the Procurement Committee and the Marine Fund Committee for the Gulf Of California.
The FMCN has an Executive Directorate, which directs the operation of the entire institution and follows up on the recommendations of the Directing Council. The Executive Directorate has the main task to execute institutional policies, to apply the strategic plan, to procure funds, to supervise the daily operation and to take care of interinstitutional relations. The Executive Directorate is supported in two areas: the Conservation Area, and the Finance and Operational Support Area.
The Conservation Area is responsible for designing and elaborating proposals, ensuring that resources are channeled to projects, providing technical and administrative follow-up to approved projects, technically monitoring the effects of conservation projects, and submitting reports to each donor. The Conservation Area has a technical area and an administrative area that allows carrying out these functions.
The Finance and Operational Support Area is responsible for monitoring the financial management of FMCN resources by applying the investment strategy defined by the Investment Committee; to transfer the resources according to the needs defined by the Conservation Area; keeping accounting; to prepare the annual financial statements of the FMCN; hiring and supervising the external dispatcher that annually audits the FMCN; to coordinate the preparation of the Annual Report of the FMCN; hiring, paying and liquidating personnel; and reporting to the Mexican and U.S. Department of the Treasury.